93. Surah Ad-Duha سورة الضحى


This Surah (Revealed) Meccan, consisting of 11 verses. When this was revealed, the Prophet (s) said Allāhu akbar! at the end, and so it became the recommended practice (sunna) to say this at the end of it; it is also reported that it [the saying of it] is actually enjoined at the end of this [sūra] and at the end of every sūra henceforth, and that is [to say] Allāhu akbar or lā ilāha illāLlāh waLlāhu akbar.(Ad-Dhuh)
Ayah   93:1   الأية الأولي
بِسْم ِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Ayah First   1   الأية الأولي
By the forenoon, that is to say, the first part of the day or all of it,
Ayah   93:2   الأية
and [by] the night when it is still or [sajā can mean] when it envelops [all] in its darkness.
Ayah   93:3   الأية
Your Lord has neither forsaken you, He has [not] abandoned you, O Muhammad (s), nor does He hate you: this was revealed when, after the revelation had not come to him for fifteen days, the disbelievers said, His Lord has parted with him and hates him.
Ayah   93:4   الأية
And verily the Hereafter shall be better for you, by virtue of the honours awaiting you thereat, than the first [life], this world.
Ayah   93:5   الأية
And verily your Lord shall give you, in the Hereafter, of good things, a bounteous gift, and you shall be satisfied, with it and so the Prophet (s) said, In that case, I shall not be satisfied if a single person from among my community remains in the Fire (the response to the oath terminates here, with two affirmations and two negations). 753
Ayah   93:6   الأية
Did He not find you an orphan (an interrogative meant as an affirmative, in other words, He did [indeed] find you [an orphan]), having lost your father before you were born or [shortly] thereafter, and shelter you?, by having your uncle Abū Tālib embrace you [as part of his household].
Ayah   93:7   الأية
And did He not find you erring, from the [revealed] Law which you [now] follow, and guided you?, that is, and then guided you to it.
Ayah   93:8   الأية
And did He not find you needy, poor, and enrich you?, [and] made you content with the spoils and other things which He gave you in a hadīth [it is stated], Wealth comes not from the proliferation of transient [worldly] goods, but wealth comes from the contentedness of the soul.
Ayah   93:9   الأية
So, as for the orphan, do not oppress [him], by appropriating his wealth or otherwise,
Ayah   93:10   الأية
and as for the beggar, do not drive [him] away, [do not] repel him on account of his poverty,
Ayah   93:11   الأية
and as for your Lords grace, to you, by way of prophethood and otherwise, proclaim [it], make it known. The omission in certain instances of the [suffixed] pronoun referring to the Prophet (s) from the end of the verbs is intended to sustain the end-rhyme of the verses.

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