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96. Surah Al-'Alaq سورة العلق

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This Surah (Revealed) Meccan, consisting of 19 verses; from the beginning of it up to [the verse] what he did not know, was the first of the Qurān to be revealed, in the cave at Hirā, as reported by al-Bukhārī.(Al-Alaq)
 
Ayah   96:1   الأية الأولي
بِسْم ِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Ayah First   1   الأية الأولي
Tafseer
 
Recite, bring recitation into existence, beginning with: In the Name of your Lord Who created, all creatures;
 
Ayah   96:2   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
created man (al-insān: the generic) from a blood-clot (alaq is the plural of alaqa, which is a small quantity of congealing blood).
 
Ayah   96:3   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Recite: (reiterating the first one) and your Lord is the Most Generous, having no counterpart in terms of His generosity (wa-rabbukal-akram is a circumstantial qualifier referring to the subject [of the verb] iqra, recite),
 
Ayah   96:4   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Who taught, [the art of] script, by the pen the first to write with it was [the prophet] Enoch (Idrīs), peace be upon him
 
Ayah   96:5   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
taught man (al-insān: the generic) what he did not know, before he was taught, in the way of guidance, [the art of] writing, crafts and so on.
 
Ayah   96:6   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Nay, but verily man is [wont to be] rebellious,
 
Ayah   96:7   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
when he sees it, that is to say, his own soul, to be self-sufficient, in terms of wealth this was revealed regarding Abū Jahl (raā, sees, means [to see] mentally; istaghnā, self-sufficient, is the second direct object; an raāhu, when he sees it, is an object denoting reason).
 
Ayah   96:8   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Surely to your Lord, O man, is the return [meant as] a threat for him and so He will requite the rebellious one with what he deserves.
 
Ayah   96:9   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Have you seen (a-raayta in all three instances [here and below] is an exclamation of wonder) him, namely, Abū Jahl, who forbids
 
Ayah   96:10   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
756 a servant, namely, Muhammad (s), when he prays?
 
Ayah   96:11   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Have you considered what if he, the one forbidden, should be upon [a path of] guidance,
 
Ayah   96:12   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
or (aw is for division) be bidding [others] to fear of God?
 
Ayah   96:13   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Have you considered what if he, the one forbidding the Prophet, should be denying [Gods guidance] and turning away?, from faith.
 
Ayah   96:14   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Is he not aware that God sees?, what has issued from him, that is to say, He does [indeed] know it and will requite him for it. In other words, Marvel, O you being addressed, at the way in which he forbids prayer, and at the fact that the one being forbidden is actually the one upon guidance, bidding to fear of God, while the one forbidding is a denier, disregarding faith.
 
Ayah   96:15   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
No indeed! a repudiation of him Assuredly if (la-in: the lām is for oaths) he does not desist, from the disbelief that he is upon, We shall seize him by the forelock, We shall drag him to the Fire by his forelock,
 
Ayah   96:16   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
a lying, iniquitous forelock! (nāsiyatin: an indefinite noun substituting for a definite) the description of this [forelock] in such terms is meant figuratively, and what is actually meant is that individual.
 
Ayah   96:17   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
Let him, then, call upon [the henchmen of] his council, the members of his council (nādin) a place of assembly where people gather to talk. He [Abū Jahl] had said to the Prophet (s) in reproof, having forbidden him from prayer, You are well aware that there is none in this [town] who has [recourse to] as large a council [of men] as I do. Verily, I shall fill this [entire] valley with mature steeds and young men [in battle] against you if you so wish!
 
Ayah   96:18   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
We shall call the Zabāniya, the grim stern angels to destroy him, as [stated] in the hadīth, Had he called his council [of henchmen] together, the Zabāniya would have seized him right before his own eyes!.
 
Ayah   96:19   الأية
 
Tafseer
 
No indeed! a repudiation of him Do not obey him, O Muhammad (s) and abandon prayer, and prostrate yourself, perform prayer to God, and draw near, to Him through obedience to Him.




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