A tumbler (full of milk or water) was brought to the
Prophet who drank from it, while on his right side there
was sitting a boy who was the youngest of those who were
present and on his left side there were old men. The
Prophet asked, "O boy, will you allow me to give it (i.e.
the rest of the drink) to the old men?" The boy said, "O
Allah's Apostle! I will not give preference to anyone over
me to drink the rest of it from which you have drunk." So,
the Prophet gave it to him.
Anas bin Malik said, that once a domestic sheep was
milked for Allah's Apostle while he was in the house of
Anas bin Malik. The milk was mixed with water drawn from
the well in Anas's house. A tumbler of it was presented to
Allah's Apostle who drank from it. Then Abu Bakr was
sitting on his left side and a bedouin on his right side.
When the Prophet removed the tumbler from his mouth, 'Umar
was afraid that the Prophet might give it to the bedouin,
so he said. "O Allah's Apostle! Give it to Abu Bakr who is
sitting by your side." But the Prophet gave it to the
bedouin, who was to his right and said, "You should start
with the one on your right side."
Allah's Apostle said, "No bloodmoney will be charged if
somebody dies in a mine or in a well or is killed by an
animal; and if somebody finds a treasure in his land he
has to give one-fifth of it to the Government."
The Prophet said, "Whoever takes a false oath to
deprive somebody of his property will meet Allah while He
will be angry with him." Allah revealed: 'Verily those who
purchase a little gain at the cost of Allah's covenant,
and their oaths.' ........(3.77)
Al-Ash'ath came (to the place where 'Abdullah was
narrating) and said, "What has Abu 'Abdur-Rahman (i.e.
Abdullah) been telling you? This verse was revealed
concerning me. I had a well in the land of a cousin of
mine. The Prophet asked me to bring witnesses (to confirm
my claim). I said, 'I don't have witnesses.' He said, 'Let
the defendant take an oath then.' I said, 'O Allah's
Apostle! He will take a (false) oath immediately.' Then
the Prophet mentioned the above narration and Allah
revealed the verse to confirm what he had said." (See
Hadith No. 692)
Allah's Apostle said, "There are three persons whom
Allah will not look at on the Day of Resurrection, nor
will he purify them and theirs shall be a severe
punishment. They are:
1. A man possessed superfluous water, on a way and he
withheld it from travelers.
2. A man who gave a pledge of allegiance to a ruler and
he gave it only for worldly benefits. If the ruler gives
him something he gets satisfied, and if the ruler
withholds something from him, he gets dissatisfied.
3. And man displayed his goods for sale after the 'Asr
prayer and he said, 'By Allah, except Whom None has the
right to be worshipped, I have been given so much for my
goods,' and somebody believes him (and buys them)."
The Prophet then recited: "Verily! Those who purchase a
little gain at the cost of Allah's Covenant and their
An Ansari man quarrelled with Az-Zubair in the presence
of the Prophet about the Harra Canals which were used for
irrigating the date-palms. The Ansari man said to
Az-Zubair, "Let the water pass' but Az-Zubair refused to
do so. So, the case was brought before the Prophet who
said to Az-Zubair, "O Zubair! Irrigate (your land) and
then let the water pass to your neighbor." On that the
Ansari got angry and said to the Prophet, "Is it because
he (i.e. Zubair) is your aunt's son?" On that the color of
the face of Allah's Apostle changed (because of anger) and
he said, "O Zubair! Irrigate (your land) and then withhold
the water till it reaches the walls between the pits round
the trees." Zubair said, "By Allah, I think that the
following verse was revealed on this occasion": "But no,
by your Lord They can have No faith Until they make you
judge In all disputes between them." (4.65)
When a man from the Ansar quarrelled with AzZubair, the
Prophet said, "O Zubair! Irrigate (your land) first and
then let the water flow (to the land of the others)." "On
that the Ansari said, (to the Prophet), "It is because he
is your aunt's son." On that the Prophet said, "O Zubair!
Irrigate till the water reaches the walls between the pits
around the trees and then stop (i.e. let the water go to
the other's land)." I think the following verse was
revealed concerning this event: "But no, by your Lord They
can have No faith Until they make you judge In all
disputes between them." (4.65)
An-Ansari man quarrelled with Az-Zubair about a canal
in the Harra which was used for irrigating date-palms.
Allah's Apostle, ordering Zubair to be moderate, said, "O
Zubair! Irrigate (your land) first and then leave the
water for your neighbor." The Ansari said, "Is it because
he is your aunt's son?" On that the color of the face of
Allah's Apostle changed and he said, "O Zubair! Irrigate
(your land) and withhold the water till it reaches the
walls that are between the pits around the trees." So,
Allah's Apostle gave Zubair his full right. Zubair said,
"By Allah, the following verse was revealed in that
connection": "But no, by your Lord They can have No faith
Until they make you judge In all disputes between them."
(The sub-narrator,) Ibn Shihab said to Juraij (another
sub-narrator), "The Ansar and the other people interpreted
the saying of the Prophet, 'Irrigate (your land) and
with-hold the water till it reaches the walls between the
pits around the trees,' as meaning up to the ankles."
Allah's Apostle said, "While a man was walking he felt
thirsty and went down a well and drank water from it. On
coming out of it, he saw a dog panting and eating mud
because of excessive thirst. The man said, 'This (dog) is
suffering from the same problem as that of mine. So he
(went down the well), filled his shoe with water, caught
hold of it with his teeth and climbed up and watered the
dog. Allah thanked him for his (good) deed and forgave
him." The people asked, "O Allah's Apostle! Is there a
reward for us in serving (the) animals?" He replied, "Yes,
there is a reward for serving any animate."
The Prophet prayed the eclipse prayer, and then said,
"Hell was displayed so close that I said, 'O my Lord ! Am
I going to be one of its inhabitants?"' Suddenly he saw a
woman. I think he said, who was being scratched by a cat.
He said, "What is wrong with her?" He was told, "She had
imprisoned it (i.e. the cat) till it died of hunger."
Allah's Apostle said, "A woman was tortured and was put
in Hell because of a cat which she had kept locked till it
died of hunger." Allah's Apostle further said, (Allah
knows better) Allah said (to the woman), 'You neither fed
it nor watered when you locked it up, nor did you set it
free to eat the insects of the earth."
Once a tumbler (full of milk or water) was brought to
Allah's Apostle who drank from it, while on his right side
there was sitting a boy who was the youngest of those who
were present, and on his left side there were old men. The
Prophet asked, "O boy ! Do you allow me to give (the
drink) to the elder people (first)?" The boy said, "I will
not prefer anybody to have my share from you, O Allah's
Apostle!" So, he gave it to the boy.
The Prophet said, "May Allah be merciful to the mother
of Ishmael! If she had left the water of Zam-Zam
(fountain) as it was, (without constructing a basin for
keeping the water), (or said, "If she had not taken
handfuls of its water"), it would have been a flowing
stream. Jurhum (an Arab tribe) came and asked her, 'May we
settle at your dwelling?' She said, 'Yes, but you have no
right to possess the water.' They agreed."
Allah's Apostle said, No Hima except for Allah and His
Apostle. We have been told that Allah's Apostle made a
place called An-Naqi' as Hima, and 'Umar made Ash-Sharaf
and Ar-Rabadha Hima (for grazing the animals of Zakat).
Allah's Apostle said, "Keeping horses may be a source
of reward to some (man), a shelter to another (i.e. means
of earning one's living), or a burden to a third. He to
whom the horse will be a source of reward is the one who
keeps it in Allah's Cause (prepare it for holy battles)
and ties it by a long rope in a pasture (or a garden). He
will get a reward equal to what its long rope allows it to
eat in the pasture or the garden, and if that horse breaks
its rope and crosses one or two hills, then all its
foot-steps and its dung will be counted as good deeds for
its owner; and if it passes by a river and drinks from it,
then that will also be regarded as a good deed for its
owner even if he has had no intention of watering it then.
Horses are a shelter from poverty to the second person who
keeps horses for earning his living so as not to ask
others, and at the same time he gives Allah's right (i.e.
Rakat) (from the wealth he earns through using them in
trading etc.,) and does not overburden them. He who keeps
horses just out of pride and for showing off and as a
means of harming the Muslims, his horses will be a source
of sins to him." When Allah's Apostle was asked about
donkeys, he replied, "Nothing particular was revealed to
A man came to Allah's Apostle and asked about Al-Luqata
(a fallen thing). The Prophet said, "Recognize its
container and its tying material and then make a public
announcement about it for one year and if its owner shows
up, give it to him; otherwise use it as you like." The man
said, "What about a lost sheep?" The Prophet said, "It is
for you, your brother or the wolf." The man said "What
about a lost camel?" The Prophet said, "Why should you
take it as it has got its water-container (its stomach)
and its hooves and it can reach the places of water and
can eat the trees till its owner finds it?"
The Prophet said, "No doubt, one had better take a rope
(and cut) and tie a bundle of wood and sell it whereby
Allah will keep his face away (from Hell-fire) rather than
ask others who may give him or not."
Ali bin Abi Talib said: "I got a she-camel as my share
of the war booty on the day (of the battle) of Badr, and
Allah's Apostle gave me another she-camel. I let both of
them kneel at the door of one of the Ansar, intending to
carry Idhkhir on them to sell it and use its price for my
wedding banquet on marrying Fatima. A goldsmith from Bam
Qainqa' was with me. Hamza bin 'Abdul-Muttalib was in that
house drinking wine and a lady singer was reciting: "O
Hamza! (Kill) the (two) fat old she camels (and serve them
to your guests)."
So Hamza took his sword and went towards the two
she-camels and cut off their humps and opened their flanks
and took a part of their livers." (I said to Ibn Shihab,
"Did he take part of the humps?" He replied, "He cut off
their humps and carried them away.") 'Ali further said,
"When I saw that dreadful sight, I went to the Prophet and
told him the news. The Prophet came out in the company of
Zaid bin Haritha who was with him then, and I too went
with them. He went to Hamza and spoke harshly to him.
Hamza looked up and said, 'Aren't you only the slaves of
my forefathers?' The Prophet retreated and went out. This
incident happened before the prohibition of drinking."
The Prophet decided to grant a portion of (the
uncultivated land of) Bahrain to the Ansar. The Ansar
said, "(We will not accept it) till you give a similar
portion to our emigrant brothers (from Quraish)." He said,
"(O Ansar!) You will soon see people giving preference to
others, so remain patient till you meet me (on the Day of
The Prophet forbade the sales called Al-Mukhabara, Al-Muhaqala
and Al-Muzabana and the selling of fruits till they are
free from blights. He forbade the selling of the fruits
except for money, except the 'Araya.
The Prophet allowed the sale of the dates of the 'Araya
for ready dates by estimating the former which should be
estimated as less than five Awsuq or five Awsuq. (Dawud,
the sub-narrator is not sure as to the right amount.)