AbdurRahman ibn Ayman, the client of Urwah, asked Ibn
Umar and AbuzZubayr was was listening: What do you think
if a man divorces his wife while she is menstruating? He
said: Abdullah ibn Umar divorced his wife while she was
menstruating during the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him).So
Umar asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
saying: Abdullah ibn Umar divorced his wife while she was
menstruating. Abdullah said: He returned her to me and did
not count it (the pronouncement) anything. He said: When
she is purified, he may divorce her or keep her with him.
Ibn Umar said: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) recited the
Qur'anic verse: O Prophet, when you divorce women, divorce
them in the beginning of their waiting period."
Mutarrif ibn Abdullah reported:Imran ibn Husayn was
asked about a person who divorces his wife, and then has
intercourse with her, but he does not call any witness to
her divorce nor to her restoration. He said: You divorced
against the sunnah and took her back against the sunnah.
Call someone to bear witness to her divorce, and to her
return in marriage, and do not repeat it.
Umar ibn Mu'tab reported: AbuHasan, a client of Banu
Nawfal asked Ibn Abbas: A slave had a wife who was a
slave-girl. He divorced her by two pronouncements.
Afterwards both of them were freed. Is it permissible for
him to ask her in marriage again? He said: Yes. This is a
decision given by the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him).
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The divorce of a
slave-woman consists in saying it twice and her waiting
period is two menstrual courses (qur') AbuAsim said: A
similar tradition has been narrated to me by Muzahir and
al-Qasim on the authority of Aisha from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him),
except that he said: And her waiting period ('iddah) is
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There is no
divorce except in what you possess; there is no
possession, there is no sale transaction till you possess.
The narrator Ibn as-Sabbah added: There is no fulfilling a
vow till you possess.
Muhammad ibn Ubayd ibn AbuSalih who lived in Ayliya
said: I went out with Adi ibn Adi al-Kindi till we came to
Mecca. He sent me to Safiyyah daughter of Shaybah who
remembered a tradition (that she had heard) from Aisha.
She said: I heard Aisha say: I heard the Apostle of Allah
(peace_be_upon_him) say: There is no divorce or
emancipation in case of constraint or duress (ghalaq).
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There are three
things which, whether undertaken seriously or in jest, are
treated as serious: Marriage, divorce and taking back a
wife (after a divorce which is not final)
Divorced women shall wait concerning themselves for
three monthly periods. Nor is it lawful for them to hide
what Allah hath created in their wombs. This means that if
a man divorced his wife he had the right to take her back
in marriage though he had divorced her by three
pronouncements. This was then repealed (by a Qur'anic
verse). Divorce is only permissible twice.
Abdu Yazid, the father of Rukanah and his brothers,
divorced Umm Rukanah and married a woman of the tribe of
Muzaynah. She went to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and
said: He is of no use to me except that he is as useful to
me as a hair; and she took a hair from her head. So
separate me from him. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
became furious. He called on Rukanah and his brothers. He
then said to those who were sitting beside him. Do you see
so-and-so who resembles Abdu Yazid in respect of
so-and-so; and so-and-so who resembles him in respect of
so-and-so? They replied: Yes. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
said to Abdu Yazid: Divorce her. Then he did so. He said:
Take your wife, the mother of Rukanah and his brothers,
back in marriage. He said: I have divorced her by three
pronouncements, Apostle of Allah. He said: I know: take
her back. He then recited the verse: "O Prophet, when you
divorce women, divorce them at their appointed periods."
Tawus said: AbusSahba' said to Ibn Abbas: Do you know
that a divorce by three pronouncements was made a single
one during the time of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him),
and of AbuBakr and in the early days of the caliphate of
Umar? He replied: Yes.
Hammad ibn Zayd said: I asked Ayyub: Do you know anyone
who narrates the tradition narrated by Al-Hasan about
uttering the words (addressing wife). "Your matter is in
your hand"? He replied: No, except something similar
transmitted by Qatadah from Kathir, the client of Samurah,
from AbuSalamah on the authority of AbuHurayrah from the
Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). Ayyub said: Kathir then came
to us; so I asked him (about this matter). He replied: I
never narrated it. I mentioned it to Qatadah who said: Yes
(he narrated it) but he forgot.
(Rukanah) divorced his wife absolutely; so he came to
the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He asked (him):
What did you intend? He said: A single utterance of
divorce. He said: Do you swear by Allah? He replied: I
swear by Allah. He said: It stands as you intended.
I was a man who was more given than others to sexual
intercourse with women. When the month of Ramadan came, I
feared lest I should have intercourse with my wife, and
this evil should remain with me till the morning. So I
made my wife like my mother's back to me till the end of
Ramadan. But one night when she was waiting upon me,
something of her was revealed. Suddenly I jumped upon her.
When the morning came I went to my people and informed
them about this matter.
I said: Go along with me to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him).
They said: No, by Allah. So I went to the Prophet
(peace be upon him and informed him of the matter.
He said: Have you really committed it, Salamah? I said:
I committed it twice, Apostle of Allah. I am content with
the Commandment of Allah, the Exalted; so take a decision
about me according to what Allah has shown you.
He said: Free a slave. I said: By Him Who sent you with
truth, I do not possess a neck other than this: and I
struck the surface of my neck.
He said: Then fast two consecutive months. I said:
Whatever I suffered is due to fasting.
He said: Feed sixty poor people with a wasq of dates.
I said: By Him Who sent you with truth, we passed the
night hungry; there was no food in our house.
He said: Then go to the collector of sadaqah of Banu
Zurayq; he must give it to you. Then feed sixty poor
people with a wasq of dates; and you and your family eat
the remaining dates. Then I came back to my people, and
said (to them): I found with you poverty and bad opinion;
and I found with the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
prosperity and good opinion. He has commanded me to give
alms to you.
Ibn al-Ala' added: Ibn Idris said: Bayadah is a
sub-clan of Banu Zurayq.
Narrated Khuwaylah, daughter of Malik ibn Tha'labah:
My husband, Aws ibn as-Samit, pronounced the words: You
are like my mother. So I came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him),
complaining to him about my husband.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) disputed with
me and said: Remain dutiful to Allah; he is your cousin.
I continued (complaining) until the Qur'anic verse came
down: "Allah hath heard the words of her who disputeth
with thee concerning her husband...." till the
prescription of expiation.
He then said: He should set free a slave. She said: He
cannot afford it. He said: He should fast for two
consecutive months. She said: Apostle of Allah, he is an
old man; he cannot keep fasts. He said: He should feed
sixty poor people. She said: He has nothing which he may
give in alms. At that moment an araq (i.e. date-basket
holding fifteen or sixteen sa's) was brought to him.
I said: I shall help him with another date-basked ('araq).
He said: You have done well. Go and feed sixty poor people
on his behalf, and return to your cousin. The narrator
said: An araq holds sixty sa's of dates.
Khawlah was the wife of Aws ibn as-Samit; he was a man
immensely given to sexual intercourse. When his desire for
intercourse was intensified, he made his wife like his
mother's back. So Allah, the Exalted, sent down Qur'anic
verses relating to expiation for zihar.
A man made his wife like the back of his mother. He
then had intercourse with her before he atoned for it. He
came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and informed him
of this matter. He asked (him): What moved you to the
action you have committed? He replied: I saw the whiteness
of her shins in moon light. He said: Keep away from her
until you expiate for your deed.
Amrah, daughter of AbdurRahman ibn Sa'd ibn Zurarah,
reported on the authority of Habibah, daughter of Sahl al-Ansariyyah:
She (Habibah) was the wife of Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shimmas.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came out one
morning and found Habibah by his door.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Who is
this? She replied: I am Habibah, daughter of Sahl. He
asked: What is your case? She replied: I and Thabit ibn
Qays, referring to her husband, cannot live together.
When Thabit ibn Qays came, the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
said to him: This is Habibah, daughter of Sahl, and she
has mentioned (about you) what Allah wished to mention.
Habibah said: Apostle of Allah, all that he gave me is
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to Thabit
ibn Qays: Take it from her. So he took it from her, and
she lived among her people (relatives).
Habibah daughter of Sahl was the wife of Thabit ibn
Qays Shimmas He beat her and broke some of her part. So
she came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) after morning,
and complained to him against her husband. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
called on Thabit ibn Qays and said (to him): Take a part
of her property and separate yourself from her. He asked:
Is that right, Apostle of Allah? He said: Yes. He said: I
have given her two gardens of mine as a dower, and they
are already in her possession. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
said: Take them and separate yourself from her.
Barirah was emancipated, and she was the wife of
Mughith, a slave of Aal AbuAhmad. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
gave her choice, and said to her: If he has intercourse
with you, then there is no choice for you.
Al-Qasim said: Aisha intended to set free two slaves of
her who were spouses. She, therefore, asked the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
about this matter. He commanded to begin with the man
before the woman. The narrator Nasr said: AbuAli al-Hanafi
reported it to me on the authority of Ubaydullah.
A man came after embracing Islam during the time of the
Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). Afterwards his wife
came after embracing Islam. He said: Apostle of Allah, she
embraced Islam along with me; so restore her to me.
A woman embraced Islam during the time of the Apostle
of Allah (peace_be_upon_him); she then married. Her
(former) husband then came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
and said: Apostle of Allah, I have already embraced Islam,
and she had the knowledge about my Islam. The Apostle of
Allah (peace_be_upon_him) took her away from her latter
husband and restored her to her former husband.
AbdulHamid ibn Ja'far reported from his father on the
authority of his grandfather Rafi' ibn Sinan that he
(Rafi' ibn Sinan) embraced Islam and his wife refused to
embrace Islam. She came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
and said: My daughter; she is weaned or about to wean.
Rafi' said: My daughter. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
said to him: Be seated on a side. And he said to her: Be
seated on a side. He then seated the girl between them,
and said to them: Call her. The girl inclined to her
mother. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: O Allah!
guide her. The daughter then inclined to her father, and
he took her.
When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) ordered a man and
his wife to invoke curses on each other, he ordered a man
to put his hand on his mouth when he came to the fifth
utterance, saying that it would be the deciding one.
Hilal ibn Umayyah was one of three people whose
repentance was accepted by Allah. One night he returned
from his land and found a man with his wife. He witnessed
with his eyes and heard with his ears. He did not threaten
him till the morning.
Next day he went to the Apostle of Allah
(peace_be_upon_him) in the morning, and said: Apostle of
Allah! I came to my wife at night and found a man with
her. I saw with my own eyes and heard with my own ears.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) disliked what he
described and he took it seriously.
Thereupon the following Qur'anic verse came down: "And
those who make charges against their spouses but have no
witnesses except themselves, let the testimony of one of
When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came to
himself (after the revelation ended), he said: Glad
tidings for you, Hilal. Allah, the Exalted, has made it
easy and, a way out for you.
Hilal said: I expected that from my Lord. The Apostle
of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Send for her. She then
came. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) recited
(the verses) to them that the punishment in the next world
was more severe than that in this world.
Hilal said: I swear by Allah, I spoke the truth against
her. She said: He told a lie.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Apply
the method of invoking curses on each other. Hilal was
told: Bear witness. So he bore witness before Allah four
times that he spoke the truth.
When he was about to utter a fifth time, he was told:
Hilal, fear Allah, for the punishment in this world is
easier than that in the next world; and this is the
deciding one that will surely cause punishment to you.
He said: I swear by Allah. Allah will not punish me for
this (act), as He did not cause me to be flogged for this
(act). So he bore witness a fifth time invoking the curse
of Allah on him if he was one of those who told lies.
Then the people said to her: Testify. So she gave
testimony before Allah that he was a liar.
When she was going to testify a fifth time, she was
told: Fear Allah, for the punishment in this world is
easier than that in the next world. This is the deciding
one that will surely cause punishment to you.
She hesitated for a moment, and then said: By Allah, I
shall not disgrace my people. So she testified a fifth
time invoking the curse of Allah on her if he spoke the
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) separated them
from each other, and decided that the child would not be
attributed to its father. Neither she nor her child would
be accused of adultery. He who accused her or her child
would be liable to punishment. He also decided that there
would be no dwelling and maintenance for her (from the
husband), as they were separated without divorce.
He then said: If she gives birth to a child with
reddish hair, light buttocks, wide belly and light shins,
he will be the child of Hilal. If she bears a dusky child
with curly hair, fat limbs, fat shins and fat buttock he
will be the child of the one who was accused of adultery.
She gave birth to a dusky child with curly hair, fat
limbs, fat shins and fat buttocks.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Had
there been no oaths I should have dealt with her severely.
Ikrimah said: Later on he became the chief of the tribe
of Mudar. He was not attributed to his father.
AbuHurayrah heard the Apostle of Allah
(peace_be_upon_him) say when the verse about invoking
curses came down: Any woman who brings to her family one
who does not belong to it has nothing to do with Allah
(i.e. expects no mercy from Allah), and Allah will not
bring her into His Paradise.
Allah, the Exalted, will veil Himself from any man who
disowns his child when he looks at him, and disgrace him
in the presence of all creatures, first and last.
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There is no
prostitution in Islam. If anyone practised prostitution in
pre-Islamic times, the child will be attributed to the
master (of the slave-woman). He who claims his child
without a valid marriage or ownership will neither inherit
nor be inherited.
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) decided regarding one
who was treated as a member of a family after the death of
his father, to whom he was attributed when the heirs said
he was one of them, that if he was the child of a
slave-woman whom the father owned when he had intercourse
with her, he was included among those who sought his
inclusion, but received none of the inheritance which was
previously divided; he, however, received his portion of
the inheritance which had not already been divided; but if
the father to whom he was attributed had disowned him, he
was not joined to the heirs.
If he was a child of a slave-woman whom the father did
not possess or of a free woman with whom he had illicit
intercourse, he was not joined to the heirs and did not
inherit even if the one to whom he was attributed is the
one who claimed paternity, since he was a child of
fornication whether his mother was free or a slave.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) entered upon
me. The version of Musaddad and Ibn as-Sarh has: one day
looking pleased". The version of Uthman has: "The lines of
his forehead were realised." He said: O Aisha, are you not
surprised to hear that Mujazziz al-Mudlaji saw that Zayd
and Usamah had a rug over them concerning their heads and
letting their feet appear. He said: These feet are
I was sitting with the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). A
man came from the Yemen, and said: Three men from the
people of the Yemen came to Ali, quarrelling about a
child, asking him to give a decision. They had had sexual
intercourse with a woman during a single state of purity.
He said to two of them: Give this child to this man
(the third person) with pleasure. But they (refused and)
cried loudly. Again he said to two of them: Give the child
to the man (the third person) willingly. But they (refused
and) cried loudly. He then said: You are quarrelsome
partners. I shall cast lots among you; he who receives the
lot, will acquire the child, and he shall pay two-thirds
of the blood-money to both his companions. He then cast
lots among them, and gave the child to the one who
received the lot. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
laughed so much that his canine or molar teeth appeared.
Three persons were brought to Ali (Allah be pleased
with him) when he was in the Yemen. They and sexual
intercourse with a woman during a single state of purity.
He asked two of them: Do you acknowledge this child for
this (man)? They replied: No. He then put this (question)
to all of them. Whenever he asked two of them, they
replied in the negative. He, therefore, cast a lot among
them, and attributed the child to the one who received the
lot. He imposed two-third of the blood-money (i.e. the
price of the mother) on him. This was then mentioned to
the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and he laughed so much
that his molar teeth appeared.
A man got up and said: Apostle of Allah, so-and-so is
my son; I had illicit intercourse with his mother in the
pre-Islamic period. The Apostle of Allah
(peace_be_upon_him) said: There is no unlawful claiming of
paternity in Islam. What was done in pre-Islamic times has
been annulled. The child is attributed to the one on whose
bed it is born, and the fornicator is deprived of any
Rabah said: My people married me to a Roman slave-girl
of theirs. I had intercourse with her, and she gave birth
to a black (male) child like me. I named it Abdullah. I
again had intercourse with her, and she gave birth to a
black (male) child like me. I named it Ubaydullah. Then a
Roman slave of my people, called Yuhannah, incited her,
and spoke to her in his own unintelligible language. She
gave birth to a son like a chameleon (red).
I asked her: What is this? She replied: This belongs to
Yuhannah. We then brought the case to Uthman (for a
decision). I think Mahdi said these words. He inquired
from both of them, and they acknowledged (the facts).
He then said to them: Do you agree that I take the
decision about you, which the Apostle of Allah
(peace_be_upon_him) had taken? The Apostle of Allah
(peace_be_upon_him) decided that the child was to
attributed to the one on whose bed it was born. And I
think he said: He flogged her and flogged him, for they
A woman said: Apostle of Allah, my womb is a vessel to
this son of mine, my breasts, a water-skin for him, and my
lap a guard for him, yet his father has divorced me, and
wants to take him away from me. The Apostle of Allah
(peace_be_upon_him) said: You have more right to him as
long as you do not marry.
Hilal ibn Usamah quoted AbuMaymunah Salma, client of
the people of Medina, as saying: While I was sitting with
AbuHurayrah, a Persian woman came to him along with a son
of hers. She had been divorced by her husband and they
both claimed him.
She said: AbuHurayrah, speaking to him in Persian, my
husband wishes to take my son away.
AbuHurayrah said: Cast lots for him, saying it to her
in a foreign language.
Then her husband came and asked: Who is disputing with
me about my son?
AbuHurayrah said: O Allah, I do not say this, except
that I heard a woman who came to the Apostle of Allah
(peace_be_upon_him) while I was sitting with him, and she
said: My husband wishes to take away my son, Apostle of
Allah, and he draws water for me from the well of
AbuInabah, and he has been good to me.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Cast
lots for him. Her husband said: Who is disputing with me
about my son? The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: This
is your father and this your mother, so take whichever of
them you wish by the hand. So he took his mother's hand
and she went away with him.
Zayd ibn Harithah went out to Mecca and brought the
daughter of Hamzah with him. Then Ja'far said: I shall
take her; I have more right to her; she is my uncle's
daughter and her maternal aunt is my wife; the maternal
aunt is like mother. Ali said: I am more entitled to take
her. She is my uncle's daughter. The daughter of the
Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) is my wife, and she
has more right to her. Zayd said: I have more right to
her. I went out and journeyed to her, and brought her with
me. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) came out.
The narrator mentioned the rest of the tradition. He
(i.e. the Prophet) said: As for the girl, I decided in
favour of Ja'far. She will live with her maternal aunt.
The maternal aunt is like mother.
When we came out from Mecca, Hamzah's daughter pursued
us crying: My uncle. Ali lifted her and took her by the
hand. (Addressing Fatimah he said:) Take your uncle's
daughter. She then lifted her. The narrator then
transmitted the rest of the tradition. Ja'far said: She is
my uncle's daughter. Her maternal aunt is my wife. The
Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) decided in favour of her
maternal aunt, and said: The maternal aunt is like mother.
Amr ibn Muhajir reported on the authority of his
father: Asma', daughter of Yazid ibn as-Sakan
al-Ansariyyah, was divorced in the time of the Apostle of
Allah (peace_be_upon_him). No waiting period was
prescribed for a divorced woman (at that time). When Asma'
was divorced, Allah, the Exalted, sent down the injunction
of waiting period for divorce. She is the first of the
divorced women about whom the verse relating to waiting
period was sent down.
Women who are divorced shall wait, keeping themselves
apart, three monthly courses; and then said: And for such
of your women as despair of menstruation, if ye doubt,
their period (of waiting) shall be three months. This was
abrogated from the former verse. Again he said: (O ye who
believe, if ye wed believing women) and divorce them
before ye have touched them, then there is no period that
ye should reckon."
AbuSalamah reported on the authority of Fatimah
daughter of Qays who said to him that she was the wife of
AbuHafs ibn al-Mughirah who divorced her by three
pronouncements. She said that she came to the Apostle of
Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and sought his opinion about her
going out from her house. He commanded her to shift to
(the house of )Ibn Umm Maktum who was blind. Marwan denied
to confirm the tradition of Fatimah about the going out of
a divorced woman from her house. Urwah said: Aisha
objected to Fatimah daughter of Qays.
Urwah said: Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) severely
objected to the tradition of Fatimah daughter of Qays. She
said: Fatimah lived in a desolate house and she feared for
her loneliness there. Hence the Apostle of Allah
(peace_be_upon_him) accorded permission to her (to leave
Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad and Sulayman ibn Yasar reported:
Yahya ibn Sa'id ibn al-'As divorced the daughter of
AbdurRahman ibn al-Hakam absolutely. AbdurRahman shifted
her (from there). Aisha sent a message to Marwan ibn
al-Hakam who was the governor of Medina, and said to him:
Fear Allah, and return the woman to her home. Marwan said
(according to Sulayman's version): AbdurRahman forced me.
Marwan said (according to the version of al-Qasim): Did
not the case of Fatimah daughter of Qays reach you? Aisha
replied: There would be no harm to you if you did not make
mention of the tradition of Fatimah. Marwan said: If you
think that it was due to some evil (i.e. reason), then it
is sufficient for you to see that there is also an evil
between the two.
Humayd ibn Nafi' reported the following three
traditions on the authority of Zaynab, daughter of
Zaynab said: I visited Umm Habibah when her father
AbuSufyan, died. She asked for some yellow perfume
containing saffron (khaluq) or something else. Then she
applied it to a girl and touched her cheeks.
She said: I have no need of perfume, but I heard the
Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: It is not lawful
for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to
observe mourning for one who has died, more than three
nights, except for four months and ten days in the case of
Zaynab said: I also visited Zaynab, daughter of Jahsh,
when her brother died. She asked for some perfume and used
it upon herself.
She then said: I have no need of perfume, but I heard
the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say when he was
on the pulpit: It is not lawful for a woman who believes
in Allah and the Last Day to observe mourning for one who
has died, more than three nights, except for four months
and ten days in the case of a husband.
Zaynab said: I heard my mother, Umm Salamah, say: A
woman came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and
said: Apostle of Allah, the husband of my daughter has
died, and she is suffering from sore eyes; may we put
antimony in her eyes?
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: No. He
said this twice or thrice. Each time he said: No. The
Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: The waiting
period is now four months and ten days. In pre-Islamic
days one of you used to throw away a piece of dung at the
end of a year.
Humayd said: I asked Zaynab: What do you mean by
throwing away a piece of dung at the end of a year.
Zaynab replied: When the husband of a woman died, she
entered a small cell and put on shabby clothes, not
touching perfume or any other thing until a year passed.
Then an animal such as donkey or sheep or bird was
provided for her. She rubbed herself with it. The animal
with which she rubbed herself rarely survived. She then
came out and was given a piece of dung which she threw
away. She then used perfume or something else which she
Zaynab, daughter of Ka'b ibn Ujrah narrated that
Furay'ah daughter of Malik ibn Sinan, told her that she
came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and asked
him whether she could return to her people, Banu Khidrah,
for her husband went out seeking his slaves who ran away.
When they met him at al-Qudum, they murdered him.
So I asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him):
"Should I return to my people, for he did not leave any
dwelling house of his own and maintenance for me?
She said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
replied: Yes. She said: I came out, and when I was in the
apartment or in the mosque, he called for me, or he
commanded (someone to call me) and, therefore, I was
He said: what did you say? So I repeated my story which
I had already mentioned about my husband. Thereupon he
said: Stay in your house till the term lapses. She said:
So I passed my waiting period in it (her house) for
four months and ten days. When Uthman ibn Affan became
caliph, he sent for me and asked me about that; so I
informed him, and he followed it and decided cases
Umm Hakim, daughter of Usayd, reported on the authority
of her mother that her husband died and she was suffering
from sore eyes. She therefore applied collyrium (jala').
Ahmad said: The correct version is "glittering collyrium
(kuhl al-jala'). She sent her slave-girl to Umm Salamah,
and she asked her about the use of glittering collyrium
She said: Do not apply it except in the case of dire
need which is troubling you. In that case you can use it
at night, but you should remove it in the daytime. Then
Umm Salamah said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
came to visit me when AbuSalamah died, and I had put the
juice of aloes in my eye.
He asked : What is this, Umm Salamah? I replied: It is
only the juice of aloes and contains no perfume. He said:
It gives the face a glow, so apply it only at night and
remove it in daytime, and do not comb yourself with scent
or henna, for it is a dye. I asked: What should I use when
I comb myself, Apostle of Allah? He said: Use lote-tree
leaves and smear your head copiously with them.
I can invoke the curse of Allah on anyone who wishes:
The smaller surat an-Nisa (i.e. Surat at-Talaq) was
revealed after the verse regarding the waiting period of
four months and ten days had been revealed.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was asked
about a man who divorced his wife three times, and she
married another who entered upon her, but divorced her
before having intercourse with her, whether she was lawful
for the former husband. She said: The Prophet
(peace_be_upon_him) replied: She is not lawful for the
first (husband) until she tastes the honey of the other
husband and he tastes her honey.
Musaykah, a slave-girl of some Ansari, came and said:
My master forces me to commit fornication. Thereupon the
following verse was revealed: "But force not your maids to
prostitution (when they desire chastity)."