The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A man or a woman
acts in obedience to Allah for sixty years, then when they
are about to die they cause injury by their will, so they
must go to Hell. Then AbuHurayrah recited: "After a legacy
which you bequeath or a debt, causing no injury...that
will be the mighty success.
When Allah, Most High, revealed the verses: "Come not
nigh to the orphan's property except to improve it". And
"Those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans",
everyone who had an orphan with him went and separated his
food from his (orphan's) food, and his drink from his
drink, and began to detain the remaining food which he
(the orphan) himself ate or spoiled.
This fell heavy on them, and they mentioned this to the
Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). So Allah, Most High,
revealed the verse: "They ask thee concerning orphans.
Say: The best thing to do is what is for their good; if ye
mix their affairs with yours, they are your brethren."
Then they mixed their food with his food and their drink
with his drink.
A man came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and said:
I am poor, I have nothing (with me), and I have an orphan.
He said: Use the property of your orphan without spending
it lavishly, hurrying and taking it as your own property.
A Companion of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A
man asked him (the Prophet): Apostle of Allah, what are
the grave sins? He replied: They are nine. He then
mentioned the tradition to the same effect. This version
adds: "And disobedience to the Muslim parents, and to
violate the sacred House, your qiblah (direction of
prayer), in your life and after death.
A woman said: Apostle of Allah, my mother suddenly
died; if it had not happened, she would have given sadaqah
(charity) and donated (something). Will it suffice if I
give sadaqah on her behalf? The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
said: Yes, give sadaqah on her behalf.
Al-'As ibn Wa'il left his will that a hundred slaves
should be emancipated on his behalf. His son Hisham
emancipated fifty slaves and his son Amr intended to
emancipate the remaining fifty on his behalf, but he said:
I should ask first the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him).
He, therefore, came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and
said: Apostle of Allah, my father left in his will that a
hundred slaves should be emancipated on his behalf and
Hisham has emancipated fifty on his behalf and fifty
remain. Shall I emancipate them on his behalf? The Apostle
of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Had he been a Muslim
and you had emancipated slaves on his behalf, or given
sadaqah on his behalf, or performed the pilgrimage, that
would have reached him.