The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The Jews were
split up into seventy-one or seventy-two sects; and the
Christians were split up into seventy one or seventy-two
sects; and my community will be split up into
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Beware! I have
been given the Qur'an and something like it, yet the time
is coming when a man replete on his couch will say: Keep
to the Qur'an; what you find in it to be permissible treat
as permissible, and what you find in it to be prohibited
treat as prohibited. Beware! The domestic ass, beasts of
prey with fangs, a find belonging to confederate, unless
its owner does not want it, are not permissible to you If
anyone comes to some people, they must entertain him, but
if they do not, he has a right to mulct them to an amount
equivalent to his entertainment.
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Let me not find
one of you reclining on his couch when he hears something
regarding me which I have commanded or forbidden and
saying: We do not know. What we found in Allah's Book we
AbdurRahman ibn Amr as-Sulami and Hujr ibn Hujr said:
We came to Irbad ibn Sariyah who was among those about
whom the following verse was revealed: "Nor (is there
blame) on those who come to thee to be provided with
mounts, and when thou saidst: "I can find no mounts for
We greeted him and said: We have come to see you to
give healing and obtain benefit from you.
Al-Irbad said: One day the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
led us in prayer, then faced us and gave us a lengthy
exhortation at which the eyes shed tears and the hearts
A man said: Apostle of Allah! It seems as if it were a
farewell exhortation, so what injunction do you give us?
He then said: I enjoin you to fear Allah, and to hear
and obey even if it be an Abyssinian slave, for those of
you who live after me will see great disagreement. You
must then follow my sunnah and that of the rightly-guided
caliphs. Hold to it and stick fast to it. Avoid novelties,
for every novelty is an innovation, and every innovation
is an error.
A man came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
and said: I saw (in my dream) a piece of cloud from which
ghee and honey were dropping. I saw the people spreading
their hands. Some of them took much and some a little. I
also saw a rope hanging from Heaven to Earth. I saw,
Apostle of Allah, that you caught hold of it and ascended
by it. Then another man caught hold of it and ascended it.
Then another man caught hold of it and ascended it. Then
another man caught hold of it, but it broke, and then it
was joined and he ascended it.
AbuBakr said: May my parents be sacrificed for you, if
you allow, I shall interpret it.
He said: Interpret it. He said: The piece of cloud is
the cloud of Islam; the ghee and honey that were dropping
from it are the Qur'an, which contains softness and
sweetness. Those who received much or little of it are
those who learn much or little of the Qur'an. The rope
hanging from Heaven to Earth is the truth which you are
following. You catch hold of it and then Allah will raise
you to Him. Then another man will catch hold of it and
ascend it, Then another man will catch hold of it and it
will break. But it will be joined and he will ascend it.
Tell me. Apostle of Allah, whether I am right or wrong.
He said: You are partly right and partly wrong. He
said: I adjure you by Allah, you should tell me where I am
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do not take an
One day the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Which of
you had dream? A man said: It is I. I saw as though a
scale descended from the sky. You and AbuBakr were weighed
and you were heavier; AbuBakr and Umar were weighed and
AbuBakr was heavier: Umar and Uthman were weighed and Umar
was heavier; than the scale was taken up. we saw signs of
dislike on the face of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him).
Abdullah ibn Zalim al-Mazini said: I heard Sa'id ibn
Zayd ibn Amr ibn Nufayl say: When so and so came to Kufah,
and made so and so stand to address the people, Sa'id ibn
Zayd caught hold of my hand and said: Are you seeing this
tyrant? I bear witness to the nine people that they will
go to Paradise. If I testify to the tenth too, I shall not
I asked: Who are the nine? He said: The Apostle of
Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said when he was on Hira': Be
still, Hira', for only a Prophet, or an ever-truthful, or
a martyr is on you. I asked: Who are those nine? He said:
The Apostle of Allah, AbuBakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Talhah,
az-Zubayr, Sa'd ibn AbuWaqqas and AbdurRahman ibn Awf. I
asked: Who is the tenth? He paused a moment and said: it
AbdurRahman ibn al-Akhnas said that when he was in the
mosque, a man mentioned Ali (may Allah be pleased with
him). So Sa'id ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to
the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) that I heard him
say: Ten persons will go to Paradise: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
will go to Paradise, AbuBakr will go to Paradise, Umar
will go to Paradise, Uthman will go to Paradise, Ali will
go to Paradise, Talhah will go to Paradise: az-Zubayr ibn
al-Awwam will go to paradise, Sa'd ibn Malik will go to
Paradise, and AbdurRahman ibn Awf will go to Paradise. If
I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is
he: So he kept silence. The again asked: Who is he: He
replied: He is Sa'id ibn Zayd.
Rabah ibn al-Harith said: I was sitting with someone in
the mosque of Kufah while the people of Kufah were with
him. Then Sa'id ibn Zayd ibn Amr ibn Nufayl came and he
welcomed him, greeted him, and seated him near his foot on
the throne. Then a man of the inhabitants of Kufah, called
Qays ibn Alqamah, came. He received him and began to abuse
Sa'id asked: Whom is this man abusing? He replied: He
is abusing Ali. He said: Don't I see that the companions
of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) are being
abused, but you neither stop it nor do anything about it?
I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say--and
I need not say for him anything which he did not say, and
then he would ask me tomorrow when I see him --AbuBakr
will go to Paradise and Umar will go to Paradise. He then
mentioned the rest of the tradition to the same effect (as
in No. 4632).
He then said: The company of one of their man whose
face has been covered with dust by the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
is better than the actions of one of you for a whole life
time even if he is granted the life-span of Noah.
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Gabriel came and
taking me by the hand showed the gate of Paradise by which
my people will enter. AbuBakr then said: Apostle of Allah!
I wish I had been with you so that I might have looked at
it. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then said:
You, AbuBakr, will be the first of my people to enter
Al-Aqra', the mu'adhdhin (announcer) of Umar ibn al-Khattab
said: Umar sent me to a bishop and I called him.
Umar said to him: Do you find me in the Book? He said:
Yes. He asked: How do you find me? He said: I find you
(like a) castle. Then he raised a whip to him, saying:
What do you mean by castle? He replied: An iron castle and
severely trustworthy. He asked: How do you find the one
who will come after me? He said: I find him a pious
caliph, except that he will prefer his relatives. Umar
said: May Allah have mercy on Uthman: He said it three
times. He then asked: How do you find the one who will
come after him?
He replied: I find him like rusty iron. Umar then put
his hand on his head, and said: O filthy! O filthy! He
said: Commander of the Faithful! He is a pious caliph, but
when he is made caliph, the sword will be unsheathed and
blood will be shed.
When the illness of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
became serious while I was with him among a group of
people, Bilal called him for prayer. He said: Ask someone
to lead the people in prayer. So Abdullah ibn Zam'ah went
out and found that Umar was present among the people and
AbuBakr was not there. I said: Umar, get up and lead the
people in prayer. So he came forward and uttered "Allah is
Most Great". When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
heard his voice, as Umar had a loud voice, he said: Where
is AbuBakr? Allah does not allow that, and the Muslims
too; Allah does not allow that, and the Muslims too. So he
sent for AbuBakr. He came after Umar had led the people in
that prayer. He then led the people in prayer.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to al-Hasan
ibn Ali. This son of mine is a Sayyid (chief), and I hope
Allah may reconcile two parties of my community by means
of him. Hammad's version has: And perhaps Allah may
reconcile two large parties of Muslims by means of him.
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: When a man
commits fornication, faith departs from him and there is
something like a canvas roof over his head; and when he
quits that action, faith returns to him.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to sit
among his Companions. A stranger would come, but did
recognise him (the Prophet) until he asked (about him). So
we asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) to make
a place where he might take his seat so that when a
stranger came, he might recognise him. So we built a
terrace of soil on which he would take his seat, and we
would sit beside him. He then mentioned something similar
to this Hadith saying: A man came, and he described his
appearance. He saluted from the side of the assembly,
saying: Peace be upon you, Muhammad. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him)
then responded to him.
Muslim ibn Yasar al-Juhani said: When Umar ibn al-Khattab
was asked about the verse "When your Lord took their
offspring from the backs of the children of Adam" - al-Qa'nabi
recited the verse--he said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
say when he was questioned about it: Allah created Adam,
then passed His right hand over his back, and brought
forth from it his offspring, saying: I have these for
Paradise and these will do the deeds of those who go to
Paradise. He then passed His hand over his back and
brought forth from it his offspring, saying: I have
created these for Hell, and they will do the deeds of
those who go to Hell.
A man asked: What is the good of doing anything,
Apostle of Allah? The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
said: When Allah creates a servant for Paradise, He
employs him in doing the deeds of those who will go to
Paradise, so that his final action before death is one of
the deeds of those who go to Paradise, for which He will
bring him into Paradise. But when He creates a servant for
Hell, He employs him in doing the deeds of those who will
go to Hell, so that his final action before death is one
of the deeds of those who go to Hell, for which He will
bring him into Hell.
I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say:
He then mentioned a tradition like it. This version adds:
When they propound that, say: "Say Allah is one. Allah is
He to Whom men repair. He has not begotten and He has not
been begotten, and no one is equal to Him." Then one
should spit three times on his left side and seek refuge
in Allah from Satan.
I was sitting in al-Batha with a company among whom the
Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was sitting, when a
cloud passed above them.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) looked at it
and said: What do you call this? They said: Sahab.
He said: And muzn? They said: And muzn. He said: And
anan? They said: And anan. AbuDawud said: I am not quite
confident about the word anan. He asked: Do you know the
distance between Heaven and Earth? They replied: We do not
know. He then said: The distance between them is
seventy-one, seventy-two, or seventy-three years. The
heaven which is above it is at a similar distance (going
on till he counted seven heavens). Above the seventh
heaven there is a sea, the distance between whose surface
and bottom is like that between one heaven and the next.
Above that there are eight mountain goats the distance
between whose hoofs and haunches is like the distance
between one heaven and the next. Then Allah, the Blessed
and the Exalted, is above that.
I asked: Apostle of Allah! will each one of us see his
Lord? Ibn Mu'adh's version has: "being alone with Him, on
the Day of Resurrection? And what sign is there is His
creation?" He replied: AbuRazin! does each one of you not
see the moon? Ibn Mu'adh's version has: "on the night when
it is full, being alone with it?" Then the agreed version
goes: I said: Yes. He said: Allah is more great. Ibn
Mu'adh's version has: It is only part of Allah's creation,
but Allah is more glorious and greater.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) presented
himself to the people at Arafat, saying: Is there any man
who takes me to his people? The Quraysh have prevented me
from preaching the word of my Lord.
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: When
Allah created Paradise, He said to Gabriel: Go and look at
it. He went and looked at it, then came and said: O my
Lord! By Thy might, no one who hears of it will fail to
He then surrounded it with disagreeable things, and
said: Go and look at it, Gabriel. He went and looked at
it, then came and said: O my Lord! By Thy might, I am
afraid that no one will enter it.
When Allah created Hell, He said: Go and look at it,
Gabriel. He went and looked at it, then came and said: O
my Lord! By Thy might, no one who hears of it will enter
He then surrounded it with desirable things and said:
Go and look at it, Gabriel. He went, looked at it, then
came and said: O my Lord! By Thy might and power, I am
afraid that no one will remain who does not enter it.
We were with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him).
He said when we arrived at a halting place: You are not a
hundred thousandth part of those who will come down to me
at the pond. I (the narrator AbuHamzah) asked: What was
your number that day? He replied: Seven or eight hundred.
When the Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was
lifted to the heavens (for travelling) in Paradise, or as
he said, a river whose banks were of transparent or
hollowed pearls was presented to him. The angel who was
with him struck it with his hand and took out musk.
Muhammad (peace_be_upon_him) then asked the angel who was
with him: What is this? He replied: It is al-Kawthar which
Allah has given you.
AbdusSalam ibn AbuHazim AbuTalut said: I saw AbuBarzah
who came to visit Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad. Then a man named
Muslim who was there in the company mentioned it to me.
When Ubaydullah saw him, he said: This Muhammad of
yours is a dwarf and fat. The old man (i.e. AbuBarzah)
So he said: I did not think that I should remain among
people who would make me feel ashamed of the company of
Thereupon Ubaydullah said: The company of Muhammad (peace_be_upon_him)
is a honour for you, not a disgrace. He added: I called
for you to ask about the reservoir. Did you hear the
Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) mentioning anything
about it? AbuBarzah said: Yes, not once, twice, thrice,
four times or five times. If anyone believes it, may Allah
not supply him with water from it. He then went away
We went out with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)
accompanying the bier of a man of the Ansar. When we
reached his grave, it was not yet dug. So the Apostle of
Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sat down and we also sat down
around him as if birds were over our heads. He had in his
hand a stick with which he was scratching the ground.
He then raised his head and said: Seek refuge with
Allah from the punishment in the grave. He said it twice
The version of Jabir adds here: He hears the beat of
their sandals when they go back, and at that moment he is
asked: O so and so! Who is your Lord, what is your
religion, and who is your Prophet?
Hannad's version says: Two angels will come to him,
make him sit up and ask him: Who is your Lord?
He will reply: My Lord is Allah. They will ask him:
What is your religion? He will reply: My religion is
Islam. They will ask him: What is your opinion about the
man who was sent on a mission among you? He will reply: He
is the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). They will
ask: Who made you aware of this? He will reply: I read
Allah's Book, believed in it, and considered it true;
which is verified by Allah's words: "Allah's Book,
believed in it, and considered it true, which is verified
by Allah's words: "Allah establishes those who believe
with the word that stands firm in this world and the
The agreed version reads: Then a crier will call from
Heaven: My servant has spoken the truth, so spread a bed
for him from Paradise, clothe him from Paradise, and open
a door for him into Paradise. So some of its air and
perfume will come to him, and a space will be made for him
as far as the eye can see.
He also mentioned the death of the infidel, saying: His
spirit will be restored to his body, two angels will come
to him, make him sit up and ask him: Who is your Lord?
He will reply: Alas, alas! I do not know. They will ask
him: What is your religion? He will reply: Alas, alas! I
do not know. They will ask: Who was the man who was sent
on a mission among you? He will reply: Alas, alas! I do
not know. Then a crier will call from Heaven: He has lied,
so spread a bed for him from Hell, clothe him from Hell,
and open for him a door into Hell. Then some of its heat
and pestilential wind will come to him, and his grave will
be compressed, so that his ribs will be crushed together.
Jabir's version adds: One who is blind and dumb will
then be placed in charge of him, having a sledge-hammer
such that if a mountain were struck with it, it would
become dust. He will give him a blow with it which will be
heard by everything between the east and the west except
by men and jinn, and he will become dust. Then his spirit
will be restored to him.
I heard the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) say: There has
been no Prophet after Noah who has not warned his people
about the antichrist (Dajjal), and I warn you of him. The
Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) described him to us,
saying: Perhaps some who have seen me and heard my words
will live till his time. The people asked: Apostle of
Allah! what will be the condition of our hearts on that
day? Like what we are today? He replied: Or better.
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Soon there will
appear disagreement and dissension in my people; there
will be people who will be good in speech and bad in work.
They recite the Qur'an, but it does not pass their
collar-bones. They will swerve from the religion as an
animal goes through the animal shot at. They will not
return to it till the arrow comes back to its notch. They
are worst of the people and animals. Happy is the one who
kills them and they kill him. They call to the book of
Allah, but they have nothing to do with it. He who fights
against them will be nearer to Allah than them (the rest
of the people). The people asked: What is their sign? He
replied: They shave the head.