Eid Al-Fitr

EsinIslam Ramadan Explorer

The first day of the month following Ramadan is 'Eid Al-Fitr ('Eid of Breaking the Fast). This is the celebration of fast-breaking. Muslims watch the western horizon immediately after sunset on the 29th day of Ramadan for the crescent. If the crescent is sighted, it is the first day of the new month and beginning of 'Eid day. If the crescent is not sighted within ˝ an hour after sunset on the 29th day of Ramadan the Muslims complete 30 days of fasting. Either way, the 1st of Shawwal (the 10th month of the Islamic lunar calendar) is ‘Eid Al-Fitr.

On 'Eid day, Muslims gather in a larger facility than the neighborhood masjid and join in Salat Al-'Eid which is composed of salah followed by an address by the imam (leader of the prayer).

This is a major holiday for the Muslims. On this day, they visit many relatives and friends and give gifts to the children.

'Eid is, first, a day of thanks to Allah, and next, a gathering of families and friends. All financially able Muslims are re quired to give Sadaqat Al-Fitr, a form of charity, on behalf of each and every person of the family, including newborns, to the poor and needy during the Ramadan but before the 'Eid Prayers.

There are a number of etiquettes and acts of Sunnah that the Muslim should observe on that day, including:

1. Ghusl (taking a bath):

One of the good manners of 'Eid is to take bath before going out to the Prayer. It was reported that Sa'id ibn Jubayr said: ''Three things are Sunnah on 'Eid: to walk (to the prayer-place), to take a bath, and to eat before coming out (if it's Eid Al-Fitr).''

2. Eating before coming out:

One should not come out to the prayer-place on 'Eid Al-Fitr before eating some dates, because of the hadith narrated by Al-Bukhari from Anas ibn Malik who said: ''The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) would not go out in the morning of 'Eid Al-Fitr until he had eaten some dates... and he would eat an odd number.'' On 'Eid-ul-Adha, on the other hand, it is Mustahab (recommended) not to eat until after the Prayer, when one should eat from the meat of one's sacrifice.

3. Takbir on the day of 'Eid:

This is one of the greatest Sunnahs of this day. Al-Daraqutni and others reported that when Ibn 'Umar came out on 'Eid Al-Fitr and 'Eid-ul-Adha, he would strive hard in making Takbir until he reached the prayer-place, then he would continue making Takbir until the Imam came.

4. Congratulating one another:

People may exchange congratulations and good greetings on 'Eid, no matter what form the words take. For example they may say to one another, ''Taqabbal Allahu minnaa wa minkum (may Allah accept from us and from you our good deeds!)''. Jubayr ibn Nufayr said: ''At the time of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) when people met one another on the day of 'Eid, they would say, ‘Taqabbal Allahu minnaa wa minka.''' (Reported by Ibn Hajar)

5. Wearing one's best clothes for 'Eid:

Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) said: ''The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) had a Jubbah (cloak) that he would wear on 'Eid and on Fridays.''

Al-Bayhaqi reported that Ibn 'Umar used to wear his best clothes on 'Eid, so men should wear the best clothes they have when they go out for 'Eid.

6. Changing route on returning from Prayer-place:

Jabir ibn 'Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) used to change his routes on the day of 'Eid. (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

Source: Rituals And Celebrations of Eid Al-Fitr

EsinIslam Ramadan Team

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