The Holy Qur'an and The Month of Ramadan

EsinIslam Ramadan Explorer

In the name of Allah the Most Gracious the Most Merciful

All Praise is due to Allah. And prayers and peace of Allah be upon the Messenger of Allah and his family and companions.

The Holy Qur`an loves Ramadan and Ramadan loves the Holy Qur`an; they are beloved friends. Allah Almighty said: {The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Qur'ân, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong)} [Al-Baqarah: 185]

{شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنْـزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِنَ الْهُدَى وَالْفُرْقَانِ} البقرة: 185

Transliteration: Shahru Ramađāna Al-Ladhī 'Unzila Fīhi Al-Qur'ānu Hudáan Lilnnāsi Wa Bayyinātin Mina Al-Hudá Wa Al-Furqāni

The Holy Qur`an descended completely to the lower sky, from the Preserved Tablet (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfűz), in Ramadan. This month took the honor of having this Book revealed in it. That is the reason why the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) used to review the Holy Qur`an with Jibreel (peace be upon him) in Ramadan. He used to listen to it, ponders on it, recites it, contemplates its lessons, feels its atmosphere, touches its smoothness by his heart, and releases his love in its treasures.

The person who observes fasting and recites the Holy Qur`an gathers, by his fasting, between Ramadan and the Holy Qur`an. Therefore; he lives this month with this Great Book that Allah said in it: {(This is) a Book (the Qur'ân) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings, that they may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understanding may remember} [Sad: 29]

{كِتَابٌ أَنْزَلْنَاهُ إِلَيْكَ مُبَارَكٌ لِيَدَّبَّرُوا آيَاتِهِ وَلِيَتَذَكَّرَ أُولُو الأَلْبَابِ} ص: 29

Transliteration: Kitābun 'Anzalnāhu 'Ilayka Mubārakun Liyaddabbarū 'Āyātihi Wa Liyatadhakkara 'Ūlū Al-'Albābi

{Do they not then think deeply in the Qur'ân, or are their hearts locked up (from understanding it)?} [Muhammad: 24]

{أَفَلا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْآنَ أَمْ عَلَى قُلُوبٍ أَقْفَالُهَا} محمَّد: 24

Transliteration: 'Afalā Yatadabbarūna Al-Qur'āna 'Am `Alá Qulūibn 'Aqfāluhā

{Do they not then consider the Qur'ân carefully? Had it been from other than Allâh, they would surely have found therein many a contradiction.} [An-Nisâ`: 82]

{أَفَلا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ الْقُرْآنَ وَلَوْ كَانَ مِنْ عِنْدِ غَيْرِ اللَّهِ لَوَجَدُوا فِيهِ اخْتِلافًا كَثِيرًا} النِّساء: 82

Transliteration: 'Afalā Yatadabbarūna Al-Qur'āna ۚ Wa Law Kāna Min `Indi Ghayri Al-Lahi Lawajadū Fīhi Akhtilāfāan Kathīrāan

In Ramadan, there is special taste for the Holy Qur`an; it has special inspirations and senses.

In Ramadan, the Holy Qur`an has extra sweetness and prettiness.

In Ramadan, the Holy Qur`an returns the remembrance of its revelation, the days of reviewing it, and the times in which the righteous forefathers cared for it.

It is Reported through an authentic chain of transmission that the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said: ''Recite the Qur`an, for on the Day of Resurrection it will come as an intercessor for those who recite it.'' [Reported by Muslim 804]

«اقرؤوا القرآن؛ فإنَّه يأتي يوم القيامة شفيعًا لأصحابه» رواه مسلم 804

And he (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said: ''The best (people) among you are those who learn the Qur`an and teach it (to others).'' [Reported by Al-Bukhari 5027]

«خيركم من تعلَّم القرآن وعلَّمه» رواه البخاري 5027

He (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him), also, said: ''Recite the two bright ones, Al-Baqarah and Surat Al-'Imran, for on the Day of Resurrection they will come as two clouds or two shades, or two flocks of birds in ranks, pleading for those who recite them.'' [Reported by Muslim 804]

«اقرؤوا الزَّهراوين: البقرة وسورة آل عمران؛ فإنَّهما تأتيان يوم القيامة كأنَّهما غمامتان أو كأنهما غيايتان أو كأنَّهما فرقان من طيرٍ صوافٍّ تحاجَّان عن أصحابهما» رواه مسلم 804

Moreover; he (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said: ''Such a person who recites the Qur`an and masters it by heart, will be with the noble righteous scribes (in Heaven). And such a person exerts himself to learn the Qur`an by heart, and recites it with great difficulty, will have a double reward.'' [Agreed upon and the wording by Al-Bukhari 4937]

«مثل الّذي يقرأ القرآن، وهو حافظ له، مع السَّفرة الكرام البررة، ومثل الّذي يقرأ القرآن، وهو يتعاهده، وهو عليه شديدٌ، فله أجران» متفق عليه واللفظ للبخاري 4937

Whenever the month of Ramadan came, our forefathers used to open the Book of Allah and come and go with the Holy Qur`an.

It is narrated that Imam Malik (may Allah Almighty mercy him) used to be busy with nothing but the Holy Qur`an, in Ramadan. Moreover; he used to stop teaching, presenting fatwa and meeting people; and he used to say, 'it is the month of the Holy Qur`an'.

In Ramadan, the houses of our forefathers was characterized by peal like the peal of pees; they used to radiate light and spread happiness; they used to recite the Qur`an (aloud) in a slow, (pleasant tone and) style; they used to contemplate on its wonders and shed tears at its lessons; they used to rejoice at its glad tidings, accomplish its orders, and refrain from its prohibitions.

It is Reported through an authentic chain of transmission that I''bn Masűd (may Allah be pleased with him) recited the beginning of Surat An-Nisâ` for our Messenger (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him). Then when he reached the saying of Allah Almighty: {How (will it be) then, when We bring from each nation a witness and We bring you (O Muhammad, prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) as a witness against these people?} [Surat An-Nisâ`: 41], the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said: ''Now, stop!'' And when ibn Mas'űd turned his face toward him, he found his eyes were overflowing with tears'' [Reported by Al-Bukhari 5050]

«صحَّ أنَ ابن مسعود -رضي الله عنه- قرأ على رسولنا -صلَّى الله عليه وسلّم- أول سورة النِّساء فلما بلغ قوله -تعالى- {فَكَيْفَ إِذَا جِئْنَا مِنْ كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ بِشَهِيدٍ وَجِئْنَا بِكَ عَلَى هَؤُلاءِ شَهِيدًا} النِّساء:41، قال له -عليه الصَّلاة والسَّلام: «حسبُك الآن»، فالتفت إليه فإذا عيناه تذرفان» رواه البخاري 5050

And it is Reported through an authentic chain of transmission that he (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) listened to the recitation of Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him) and then said to him: ''If you were to see me, as I was listening to your recitation (of the Qur'an) last night (you would have felt delighted). You are in fact endowed with a sweet voice like that of the family of David.'' [Agreed upon and the wording is by Muslim: 793]

«لو رأيتني وأنا أستمع لقراءتك البارحة! لقد أوتيت مزمارًا من مزامير آل داود» متفقٌ عليه واللفظ لمسلم 793

Whereupon Abu Musa said: ''O Messenger of Allah, if I had known that, I would have made it as sweeter as I can'' [Reported by ibn Hajar Al-Asqalani 3/212 in Nata`ij Al-Afkar with good chain of transmission].

Also, whenever the companions of the Messenger of Allah have been gathered together, Omar (may Allah be pleased with him) used to say, ''O Abu Musa, remind us with our Lord.'' Whereupon, Abu Musa starts reciting the Holy Qur`an with his pleasant voice and they shed tears.

Actually, when the minds of the late people got spoiled because of not listening to the speech of the Lord of the worlds; the wrongful bringing up, the reverted nature, and the ill-minds appeared.

When the Holy Qur`an has been substituted by something else; the corruption got spread, the affliction got circulated, the conceptions got mixed, and the determination failed.

The mission of the Holy Qur`an is to guide people to the straight path of Allah.

The Holy Qur`an is light, remedy for the hearts, knowledge, culture and evidence.

The Holy Qur`an is life, spirit, safety, happiness, and reward.

The Holy Qur`an is Divine instructions, Divine constitution, and eternal wisdom.

Hence, would we live with the Holy Qur`an in Ramadan and any other month?

Would we recognize the greatness of the Holy Qur`an and fill our life happiness, light and shining by the Holy Qur`an? Would we do that?

Dr. Aaid Al-Qarni
Al-Watan House


EsinIslam Ramadan Team

©  EsinIslam.Com

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