Ibn Abbas reported that Sa'd b. Ubida asked Allah's
Messenger (may peace be upon him) for a decision about a
vow taken by his mother who had died before fulfilling it.
Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Fulfil it
on her behalf.
'Abdullah b. Umar reported: Allah's Messenger (may
peace he upon him) singled out one day forbidding us to
take vows and said: It would not avert anything; it is by
which something is extracted from the miserly person.
Ibn Umar reported that Allah's Apostle (may peace be
upon him) forbade (people) taking vows, and said: It does
not (necessarily) bring good (in the form of substantial,
and tangible results), but it is the meant whereby
something is extracted from the miserly persons.
Abu Huraira reported Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon
him) as saying: The vow does not bring anything near to
the son of Adam which Allah has not ordained for him, but
(at times) the vow coincides with Destiny, and this is how
something is extracted from the miserly person, which that
miser was not willing to give.
Imran b. Husain reported that the tribe of Thaqif was
the ally of Banu 'Uqail. Thaqif took two persons from
amongst the Companiobs of Allah's Messenger (may peace be
upon him) as prisoners. The Campanions of Allah's
Messenger (may peace be upon him) took one person at Banu
Uqail as prisoner, and captured al-'Adbi (the she-camel of
the Holy Prophet) along with him. Allah's Messenger (may
peace be upon him) came to him and he was tied with ropes.
He said: Muhammad. He came near him and said: What is the
matter with you? Thereupon he (the prisoner) said: Why
have you taken me as prisoner and why have you caught hold
of one proceeding the pilgrims (the she-camel as she
carried the Holy Prophet on her back and walked ahead of
the multitude)? He (the Holy Prophet) said: (Yours is a
great fault). I (my men) have caught hold of you for the
crime of your allies, Banu Thaqif. He (the Holy Prophet)
then turned away. He again called him and said: Muhammad,
Muhammad, and since Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon
him) was very compassionate, and tenderhearted, he
returned to him, and said: What is the matter with you? He
said: I am a Muslim, whereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said:
Had you said this when you had been the master of
yourself, you would have gained every success. He then
turned away. He (the prisoner) called him again saying:
Muhammad, Muhammad. He came to him and said: What is the
matter with you? He said: I am hungry, feed me, and I am
thirsty, so provide me with drink. He (the Holy Prophet)
said: That is (to satisfy) your want. He was then ransomed
for two persons (who had been taken prisoner by Thaqif).
He (the narrator) said: A woman of the Ansar had been
taken prisoner and also al-Adbi' was caught. The woman had
been tied with ropes. The people were giving rest to their
animals before their houses. She escaped one night from
the bondage and came to the camels. As she drew near the
camels, they fretted and fumed and so she left them until
she came to al-, Adbi'. It did not fret and fume; it was
docile She rode upon its back and drove it away and she
went off. When they (the enemies of Islam) were warned of
this, they went in search of it, but it (the she-camel)
exhausted them. She (the woman) took vow for Allah, that
in case He would save her through it, she would offer that
as a sacrifice. As she reached Medina, the people saw her
and they said: Here is al-Adbi, the she-camel of Allah's
Messanger (may peace be upon him). She (the woman) said
that she had taken a vow that if Allah would save her on
its back, she would sacrifice it. They (the Prophet's
Companions) came to Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon
him) and made a mention of that to him, whereupon he said:
Hallowed be Allah, how ill she rewarded it that she took
vow to Allah that if He saves her on its back, she would
sacrifice it! There is no fulfilment of the vow in an act
of disobedience, nor in an act over which a person has no
control. In the version of Ibn Hujr (the words are):"
There is no vow in disobedience to Allah."
Anas reported that Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon
him) saw an old man being supported between his two sons.
He (the Holy Prophet) said: What is the matter with him?
They said: He had taken the vow to walk (on foot to the
Ka'ba). Thereupon he (Allah's Apoitle) said: Allah is
indifferent to his inflicting upon himself chastisement,
and he commanded him to ride.
Abu Huraira reported: Allah's Apostle (may peace be
upon him) found an old man walking between his two sons
supported by them, whereupon Allah's Apostle (may peace be
upon him) said: What is the matter with him? He (the
narrator) said: Allah's Messenger, they are his sons and
there is upon him the (fulfilment) of the vow, whereupon
Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: Ride, old
man, for Allah is not in need of you and your vow.
'Uqba b. Amir reported: My sister took a vow that she
would walk bare foot to the house of Allah (Ka'ba). She
asked me to inquire from Allah's Messenger (may peace be
upon him) about it. I sought his decision and he said: She
should walk on foot and ride also.