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Dictionary Of Islam: Islamic Glossary

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Ja'iz ()
Permitted, another term for mubah. (t.p)

Ja`fari ()
The "twelver" shi'a, the followers of ja'far as-sadiq (d. 148/765). (t.p)

Jabal ar-rahma ()
The mount of mercy at 'arafa where it is said that adam was re-united with hawwa' after years of wandering the earth apart following their expulsion from the garden of 'adn. (t.p)

Jabariya ()
"Compulsion", tyranny. (t.p)

Jabarut ()
The world of divine power, the kingdom of lights, `between' mulk and malakut. (t.p)

Jabr ()
Predetermination of man's actions by Allah. (t.p)

Jabriya ()
Pre-determinist, the name given to those who, in opposition to the qadariya, deny the freedom of the will, and on this point make no distinction between man and inanimate nature, inasmuch as his actions are subordinate to the compulsion (jabr) of god. thus everything has been pre-determined and man has no responsibility whatsoever for his actions. the most prominent champion of this view was jahm ibn safwan, as well as many other small sects. (t.p)

Jadha`a ()
A four-year-old she-camel. the proper age for a camel paid in zakat for 61 to 75 camels. (t.p)

Jadhb ()
Divine attraction which overpowers a person. (t.p)

Jadidi ()
Modern, modernist. (t.p)

Jahalah ()
Uncertainty in a contract that may lead to a later dispute; see gharar. (i.i.q)

Jahannam (ja-hun-num)
A term found in the Qur'an in reference to Hell, described as a place of torment, sorrow, and remorse. Islam teaches that God does not wish to send anyone to Hell, yet justice demands that righteous people be rewarded and those who insist on evil living without repentance and on denial of God be punished. (c.i.e)

Jahannam ()
means Hell.
(c.m.j.e)

Jahannam ()
Hell, gehenna. (t.p)

Jahannam ()
Hell. (t.p)

Jahannam ()
Hell, gehenna. (t.p)

Jahbadh ()
Officially appointed money examiner and money-changer. (t.p)

Jahiliya ()
The time of ignorance before the coming of islam. (t.p)

Jahiliyyah (jaahiliyyah)
means ignorant. Jahiliyyah refers to the pre-Islamic era that existed in Arabia. It is a combination of views, ideas, and practices that totally defy and reject the guidance sent down by God through His Prophets.
(c.m.j.e)

Jahiliyyah (jaa-he-lee-yah)
A term designating a state of ignorance and immorality. This term is commonly used by Muslims to refer to the pre-Islamic era in Arabia, when immorality, oppression, and evil were rampant. Some may use the term to describe aspects of modern living as well. (c.i.e)

Jahim ()
Hellfire. (t.p)

Jahl ()
Ignorance, lack of knowledge, also rashness, arrogance. (t.p)

Jahmites ()
Followers of jahm ibn safwan (d. 128/745) who taught that Allah has no attributes and that man has no free will of any sort-at all. (t.p)

Jahr ()
Recitation of the qur'an out loud during salat. (t.p)

Jalaal (jalal)
Majesty, Power, Wrath(o.s)

Jalal ()
The attributes of force, of divine awe-inspiring majesty. (t.p)

Jalbab ()

this is a long loose fitting garment worn by the Arabs.
(c.m.j.e)

Jalbab ()
A long loose fitting garment worn by the arabs. (t.p)

Jalis ()
(Plural julasa') a companion with whom one sits. (t.p)

Jalla jalaluh ()
The formula said after the name of Allah meaning "great is his majesty."(t.p)

Jalut ()
The biblical goliath. (t.p)

Jalwa ()
Disclosure, the slave emerging from retreat with the attributes of the real. (t.p)

Jam' ()
Gatheredness, combining all into the whole and ignoring structures in existence in an undifferentiated field of awareness by witnessing Allah. its opposite is farq. its climax is jam' al-jam'. (t.p)

Jam' ()
Al-muzdalifa, a well-known place between 'arafa and mina, known as al-jam' either because people gather there or because it is there that adam rejoined hawwa'. yawm jam' refers to the day of 'arafat, while yawm al-jam' designates the day of resurrection when people will be gathered together. the ayyam jam' (days of jam') refer to the days of tashriq at mina. (t.p)

Jam' ()
Collection of the qur'an into a single volume. (t.p)

Jam' ()
Joining two fard prayers together, which is permitted when travelling or in extremely bad weather. the prayers which may be joined are zuhr and 'asr, and maghrib and 'isha'. (t.p)

Jam' al-jam' ()
"Gatheredness of gatherness", perfect union, confirming the reality without the faqir's being in it being in any way experiential. (t.p)

Jam' ta'khir ()
`Delayed' combination of two fard prayers. (t.p)

Jam' taqdim ()
`Early' combination of two fard prayers. (t.p)

Jam'iya ()
Concentration, comprehensiveness. (t.p)

Jam1` li-ahkam al-qur'an ()
"Collection of the rulings of the qur'an" by al-qurtubi, an extensive and very popular tafsir in twenty volumes. (t.p)

Jama`a ()
The main body of the muslim community; also designates the group prayer. (t.p)

Jama`a ()
The main body of the muslim community; also designatess the group prayer. (t.p)

Jamal ()
Divine beauty. (t.p)

Jami ()
Nur'd-din abdu'r-rahman, (d. 898/1492). he wrote nafahat al-uns and and lawa'ih ("flashes"). (t.p)

Jami` ()
Comprehensive, a collection which contains hadiths on all the various subject matters. sahih al-bukhari is a jami ` but muslim is not because it does not have a full chapter on tafsir. (t.p)

Jami` ()
(Plural jawami `) friday mosque, a mosque where jumu `a is held; sometimes used for any mosque. (t.p)

Jami` of at-tirmidhi ()
(D. 279/892) contains about 4,000 hadiths. after each hadith he comments on its legal usage and the quality of its isnad. he has personal notes on almost every page which mention the degrees of authenticity of the hadith, the different versions of a single report, as well as the various currents of thought and practice in the islamic world of his time. this makes his jami ` unique. (t.p)

Jamra ()
Lit. a small walled place, but in this usage a stone-built pillar. there are three jamras at mina. one of the rites of hajj is to stone them. (t.p)

Jamrat al-`aqaba ()
The largest of the three jamras at mina. it is situated at the entrance of mina from the direction of makka. (t.p)

Janaba ()
Major ritual impurity requiring a ghusl: intercourse, sexual discharge, menstruation, childbirth. (t.p)

Janabat ()
Penalties, torts. (t.p)

Janaza ()
Funeral. (t.p)

Janaza ()
Also written as jinaza: the dead person, the funeral bier; the funeral prayer. (t.p)

Janazah (ja-naa-zah)
The Muslim funeral prayer, performed as a sign of respect and goodwill for a deceased Muslim, immediately prior to burial. The prayer reminds all Muslims of their ultimate mortality, thereby reinforcing an ethic of righteous and God-conscious living. (c.i.e)

Janna ()
The garden, paradise. (t.p)

Janna ()
The garden, paradise. (t.p)

Janna ()
The garden, heaven, paradise. (t.p)

Jannah (jun-nah)
A term found in the Qur'an in reference to Heaven, described as a place of happiness, contentment, and vitality. A reward for the righteous and God-conscious, Paradise is often described as a blissful garden, where people live in eternal comfort and joy. (c.i.e)

Jannah ()
means Paradise.
(c.m.j.e)

Jarh wa ta`dil ()
"Wounding and authentication", criticism of the transmitters in an isnad. (t.p)

Jarib ()
(Plural ajriba) a grain measure of capacity of either 16, 26, or 29.5 litres; also a unit of area equal to ten qasaba squared, or 3,600 square cubits, which varied according to the length of the cubit. (t.p)

Jaririya ()
The school founded by ibn jarir at-tabari which differed so little from the shafi'i school that it soon disappeared. (t.p)

Jariya ()
Female slave. (t.p)

Jarrahiya ()
A turkish tariqa founded by shaykh nur ad-din Muhammad al-jarrah of istanbul (d. 1183/1720). (t.p)

Jarudiya ()
One of the zaydi shiite groups who believed that there was a shard of the descendants of hasan and husayn after the death of hasan. they insisted that the rightful imam must not remain hidden. (t.p)

Jawami` al-kalim ()
It is said of the prophet that he spoke jawami` al kalim", meaning comprehensive but concise language, language which conveys many meanings in few words. (t.p)

Jawaz `aqli ()
Logical possibility. (t.p)

Jawhar ()
Lit. "jewel", substance, specifically the essence of intrinsic being of a form. (t.p)

Jawhar ()
Lit. "jewel", substance, specifically the essence of intrinsic being of a form. (t.p)

Jawrab ()
Socks (not to be confused with khuff, leather socks). (t.p)

Jazaka'llahu khayran ()
This is a statement of thanks and appreciation to be said to the person who does a favour. instead of saying "thanks" (shukran), this phrase is used. it means: "may Allah reward you for the good."(t.p)

Jazakallahu khayran (JAZAKALLAHU KHAIRAN JAZAKALLAH KHAIR JAZAKALLAHU KHAIR)
This is a statement of thanks and appreciation to be said to the person who does a favor. Instead of sayingthanks(Shukran), the Islamic statement of thanks is to say this phrase. Its meaning is:May Allah reward you for the good.

It is understood that human beings can't repay one another enough. Hence, it is better to request Almighty Allah to reward the person who did a favor and to give him the best.
(c.m.j.e)

Jazuliya ()
Moroccan reformed shadhili tariqa. it has various branches, including the darqawa. (t.p)

Jerusalem ()
See (al)-Quds. (c.i.e)

Jesus ()
See Isa. (c.i.e)

Ji'rana ()
A place near makka, where the messenger of Allah distributed the booty from the battle of hunayn and from where he went into ihram to perform `umra. (t.p)

Jibilla ()
Innate disposition. (t.p)

Jibreel ()
Muslims believe that angels are among God's many creations. Jibreel (Gabriel in English) is believed to be one of the most important angels, as he was reponsible for transmitting God's divine revelations to all of the human prophets, ending with Muhammad. Due to his special role in bridging the divine and human realms, he is referred to in the Qur'an as a Spirit (ruh) from God. (c.i.e)

Jibril ()
Or jibra'il, the angel gabriel who brought the revelation of the qur'an to the prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. (t.p)

Jibril ()
Or jibra'il, the angel gabriel who brought the revelation of the qur'an to the prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. (t.p)

Jibril ()
Or jibra'il, the angel gabriel who brought the revelation of the qur'an to the prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. (t.p)

Jihad ()
Struggle, particularly fighting in the way of Allah to establish islam. (t.p)

Jihad (ji-haad) ()
Jihad is an Arabic word which derives from the three-letter root j-h-d, and means "to exert oneself" or "to strive." Other meanings include endeavor, strain, effort, diligence, struggle. Usually understood in terms of personal betterment, jihad may also mean fighting to defend one's (or another's) life, property, and faith. Because jihad is a highly nuanced concept, it should not be understood to mean "holy war," a common misrepresentation. (c.i.e)

Jihad (JIHAAD) ()
It is an Arabic word the root of which is Jahada, which means to strive for a better way of life. The nouns are Juhd, Mujahid, Jihad, and Ijtihad. The other meanings are: endeavor, strain, exertion, effort, diligence, fighting to defend one's life, land, and religion.

Jihad should not be confused with Holy War; the latter does not exist in Islam nor will Islam allow its followers to be involved in a Holy War. The latter refers to the Holy War of the Crusaders.

Jihad is not a war to force the faith on others, as many people think of it. It should never be interpreted as a way of compulsion of the belief on others, since there is an explicit verse in the Qur'an that says:There is no compulsion in religionAl-Qur'an: Al-Baqarah (2:256).

Jihad is not a defensive war only, but a war against any unjust regime. If such a regime exists, a war is to be waged against the leaders, but not against the people of that country. People should be freed from the unjust regimes and influences so that they can freely choose to believe in Allah.

Not only in peace but also in war Islam prohibits terrorism, kidnapping, and hijacking, when carried against civilians. Whoever commits such violations is considered a murderer in Islam, and is to be punished by the Islamic state. during wars, Islam prohibits Muslim soldiers from harming civilians, women, children, elderly, and the religious men like priests and rabies. It also prohibits cutting down trees and destroying civilian constructions.
(c.m.j.e)

Jilala ()
Name in the arab west for the qadiriya tariqa. (t.p)

Jimar ()
Plural of jamra. (t.p)

Jinn (JIN GINN)
These are spiritual beings that inhabit the world and are required to follow the orders of Allah and are accountable for their deeds. They can be good or bad, just like people. The word Jinn in Arabic means hidden, which indicates that they are invisible creatures. They were created by Allah from fire.
(c.m.j.e)

Jinn ()
A class of creation in some ways similar to human beings. Though they are non-physical beings, they possess, like humans, a free will. Thus, they may choose to obey or disobey God's commandments, and will ultimately be held accountable for their actions. Occasionally they involve themselves in the lives of human beings, causing confusion and fright, though not all jinns are believed to be malevolent. (c.i.e)

Jinn ()
Inhabitants of the heavens and the earth made of smokeless fire who are usually invisible. (t.p)

Jinn ()
A class of being created from smokeless fire who are generally invisible to human beings. there are many types of them, like the `ifrit and the ghul, which lures travellers to their death in the wilderness. (t.p)

Jins ()
Genus, things of the same sort which cannot be exchanged with deferment unless it is same for same (e.g. for the malikis, lead and zinc; wheat, barley and rye; maize, millet and rice; pulses; meat of all poultry; all fishes; meat of all quadrupeds.) things done to them do not alter the genus, e.g. flour is still wheat. (t.p)

Jizya ()
A tax imposed on non-Muslims who are under Muslim country. (i.i.q)

Jizya ()
A protection tax payable by non-muslims as a tribute to the muslim ruler. (t.p)

Jizya ()
A protection tax payable by non-muslims as a tribute to a muslim ruler, traditionally 4 dinars or 40 dirhams per year. (t.p)

Jizyah ()
a tax paid by non-Muslims living in a Muslim State. Since the non-Muslims are exempt from military service and taxes imposed on Muslims, they must pay this tax to compensate. It guarentees them security and protection. If the State cannot protect those who paid jizyah, then the amount they paid is returned to them.
(c.m.j.e)

Jo'alah (Joaalah)
The undertaking of one party (the Jael, bank or employer) to pay a specified amount of money to another party in return for rendering a specified service in accordance with the terms of contract. (i.i.q)

Ju`al ()
Contract to complete a specific job for a specific reward in a period of time which is not specified. (t.p)

Jubba ()
A cloak. (t.p)

Judi ()
Mount ararat, where the ark landed. (t.p)

Julasa' ()
Colleagues. the singular is jabs. (t.p)

Julus ()
Sitting, particularly the sitting position in the prayer. (cf. qu `ud). (t.p)

Jum'ah (joom-ah) ()
The congregational worship performed on Fridays in place of the midday worship. On this special day, Muslims make a extra effort to go to their local masjid to listen to the khutbah (community address) by the imam (worship leader) and to perform the formal worship with their fellow Muslim brothers and sisters. (c.i.e)

Jumaa ()
General, unspecific. (t.p)

Jumada al-akhira ()
The sixth month of the muslim lunar calendar. jumada al-ula: the fifth month of the muslim lunar calendar. (t.p)

Jumal al-fara'id ()
Highly general statements in the qur' an. (t.p)

Jumal al-fara'id ()
Highly general statements in the qur'an. (t.p)

Jumhur ()
Dominant majority. (t.p)

Jumu'a ()
The day of gathering, friday, and particularly the jumu `a prayer which is performed instead of zuhr by those who attend it. friday only acquired this name with the coming of islam. before that it was known as al- `aruba. (t.p)

Jund ()
Army, band, group, wing of the army. it also denotes a military district. for instance, the five districts or ajnad of greater syria were damascus, hims, qinnasrin, jordan, and palestine. (t.p)

Junub ()
Being in a state of janaba. (t.p)

Juz' ()
(Plural ajza') a thirtieth part of the qur'an. (t.p)

Juz' ()
(Plural ajza') collection of hadiths handed down on the authority of one individual. sometimes juz' is used for a collection of hadiths on a particular topic. (t.p)

Juzaf ()
Sale where one of the countervalues is roughly determined by mere viewing. for the malikis, it is allowed when the quantity can be determined by weight or measure and is not an individual item. this would involve things like quantities of pelts, hides, etc. (t.p)

 

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Arabic English Dictionary

                       

Alphabetical Entries Indexed For Arabic-English Dictionary Of Sheikh Adelabu (Ph. D. Damas) :: ألفبيات مادّات مفهرسة للقاموس العربي الإنجليزي للشيخ أديلابو - دكتوراه من دمسق

                       

مباني الكلمات على الألف الفعلية من الأفعال والمصادر المصروفة ومن مجردّات الأفعال ومجرّدات الأسماء وغيرها

أ إِئْتِمَانِيَّة أَب أَبْيَض أَتَى أَتْيَس أثُّ أَثِيم أَج أَجْيَد
أَح إِحْيَان إِذ أُذَيْنَة أَرَى أَرِيكَة أَخ أَخْيَمَ أَز إِزِّيَان
أَد أَدِيم أَس إِسْتِخْوَال إِسْتَدَّ إِسْتِضْلاَل إِسْتَطَاب إِسْتِكْوَاء إِسْتَل إِسْتِيمَان
أَسْجَى أُسَيْلِم أَشَائِم أَشْيَم أَص أَصِيلَة أَضَاءَ أَضْيَك أَط أَطِيط
أَظْأَر إِظْهَار أَعَادَ أَعْيَن أَغَابَ أَغْيَن أَف أَفْيُون أَقَاء أُقَيْحِيَانَة
أَكَادِيد أَكِيل أَل أَلِيم أَم أَمْيَه أَن إِنْخِنَاق أَنَد إِنْضِوَاء
أَنَطّ إِنْكِمَاش أَنْمَى أَنِين أَه أَهْيَم أَو أَوْهَنَ إِيْهَان أَيْهَم
                       

مباني الكلمات على التاء الفعلية من الأفعال والمصادر المصروفة ومن مجردّات الأفعال ومجرّدات الأسماء وغيرها

ت تَأَيُّد تَب تَبَيُّن تَتَابَع تَتَوُّق تَثَائَبَ تَثْنِيَة تَجَابَّ تَجَيُّف
تَحَابَّ تَحَيُّن تَخَّ تَخَيُّم تَدَابَر تَدَيُّيُن تَذانَب تَذَيُّل تَرَّ تَرِيكَة
تَزَابَنَ تَزَيُّن تَسَائَلَ تَسَيُّف تَشَائَم تَشَيُّم تَصَائَى تَصَيُّف تَضَائَلَ تَضَيُّق
تَطَابَق تَطَيُّن تَظَارَفَ تَظَنُّن تَعَاتَبَ  تَعَيُّن تَغَابَى تَغَيُّم تَفَّ تَفَيْهُق
تَقَى تًقَيُّن تَكَّ   تَكَيُّف تَلَّ تَلَيُّن تَمَّ تَمِيمَة تُن تَنِّين
تَهَاتَرَ تَوَاؤُم تَوّاب تَوَيُّل تَيَّار تُيُوقِرَاطِيَّة  
                       

مباني الكلمات على الميم المصدرية الفاعلية والمفعولية من الأفعال الألفية

مُبيئ مُبْيَضَّ مُتِّي مُتِّهَم مُثيب   مُثِّنِي مُجيئ مُجْهِم مُحيب مُحْيِن
مُخيب مُخْيَم مُدِّي مُذيب مُذَاب مُذْيَل مُرِي مُرْيِف مُزيت مُزِّيَن
مُسيئ مُسْتِخْوَل مُسْتَدَّ مُسْتِغْيَل مُسْتَفّ مُسْتِكْوِي مُسْتَلَّ مُسْتَيْمِن مُسْجِي مُسْوَغ
مُشيب مُشوَك مُصيب مُصِّيَّف مُضيئ مُضْوِي مُطيئ  مُطْيَب مُظْأِر مُظْهَر
مُعيد مُعْيَل مُغيب مُغْيِم مُفيئ مُقَاس مُقيل مُقْوَل مُكْأِب مُكهِم
مُلِيح مُلْيَل مُمِيئ   مُمْوَه مُنيئ مُنْخِنَق مُنَدَّ مُنْضِوِي مُنْطَاد مُنْكِمَش
مُنْمِي مُنْوَك مُنْثِي مُنْوَك مُهيب مُوقَن مُومِن مُونَع  
                       

مباني الكلمات على الميم المصدرية الفاعلية والمفعولية من الأفعال التائية

مُتَآج مُتَأَوُّه مُتَآجَّ   مُتَأَوُّه مُتَبَائِس مُتَتَابِع مُتَتَرِّب مُتَتَوُّق مُتَثَائِب مُتَثَنٍّ
مُتَجَاب مُتَجَيِّف مُتَحَابَّ مُتَحَيِّن مُتَخَابِث مُتَخَيِّم مُتَدَابِر مُتَدَيِّن مُتَذَائِب مُتَذَيِّل
مُتَرَائِي مُتَرَيِّق مُتَزَابِن مُتَزَيِّن مُتَسَائِل مُتَسَيِّف مُتَشَائِم مُتَشَيِّم مُتَصَائِي مُتَصَيِّف
مُتَضَائِل مُتَضَيِّق مُتَطَابِق مُتَطَيِّن مُتَظَارِف مُتَظَنُّن مُتَعَاتِب مُتَعَيِّن مُتَغَابِي مُتَغَيِّم
مُتَفَاؤُل مُتَفَيِّل مُتَقَابِض مُتَقَيِّن مُتَكَاب مُتَكَيِّف مُتَلِّي مُتَلَيِّن مُتَمَاتِن مُتَمَيِّل
مُتَنَائِي مُتَنَيِّق مُتَهَاتِر مُتَهَيِّم مُتَوَائِم مُتَوَيِّل مُتَيَاسِر مُتَيَمُّن  
                       

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Conjugal Formulas :: الموازن الصرفية

                       
 

Conjugal Verbus (Verb Formulas) :: موازن الفعليات

 

Conjugal Nomen Verbi (Verbal Noun Formulas) :: موازن المصدريات

Conjugal Agentis (Active Noun Formulas) :: موازن الفاعليات

Conjugal Patentis (Passive Noun Formulas) :: موازن المفعوليات

Conjugal Cognitus (Cognitive Formulas)  :: موازن المجردات

                       

 Studying Grammars And Linguistics Of The Kitaab And Sunnah Under Sheikh Adelabu, Ph. D. Damas

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